Native trees are an important part of any landscape, providing shade, habitat for wildlife, and natural beauty. Each month, it’s a good idea to highlight a different native tree to help increase awareness and appreciation for these important plants.
For the month of December, we recommend the Gumbo Limbo tree (Bursera simaruba). Native to the tropical regions of Florida, Central and South America, the Gumbo Limbo is a popular choice for landscapes in Florida due to its ability to tolerate heat and humidity.
One of the most striking features of the Gumbo Limbo is its distinctive, reddish-brown bark, which peels and flakes off in thin layers. This characteristic gives the tree its other common name, the “Tourist Tree,” as the bark is often compared to sunburned tourists. The tree’s leaves are glossy and dark green, and it produces small, fragrant white flowers in the summer.
The Gumbo Limbo is a fast-growing tree, reaching heights of up to 50 feet in its native habitat. It is a versatile tree that can thrive in a variety of soil types, but it prefers well-draining soil and full sun. It is also drought-tolerant and can withstand salt spray, making it a good choice for coastal areas.
In addition to its beauty and practicality, the Gumbo Limbo is an important source of food and shelter for a variety of wildlife. Its small, fragrant flowers attract hummingbirds, bees, and butterflies, and its seeds are eaten by birds and small mammals. The tree’s large, spreading canopy provides shade and shelter for a variety of species, including birds, lizards, and mammals.
But the benefits of the Gumbo Limbo go beyond just its ecological importance. This tree is also highly valued for its medicinal properties. The bark, leaves, and resin of the Gumbo Limbo have long been used by indigenous people in Central and South America to treat a variety of ailments, including skin diseases, inflammation, and infections. In fact, the tree gets its scientific name, Bursera simaruba, from the Latin word “bursa,” which means “purse,” in reference to the small, resin-filled pockets found on the tree’s bark.
Despite its many benefits, the Gumbo Limbo is not without its challenges. One potential issue is that the Gumbo Limbo is not recommended for use as a street tree due to its shallow root system. This can make the tree susceptible to wind damage, and it may also interfere with underground utilities. However, it can be a great choice for use in a yard or park setting.
Overall, the Gumbo Limbo is a valuable addition to any landscape. With its striking bark, fragrant flowers, and important role in supporting wildlife, it is a beautiful and practical choice for any yard.
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